• Fieldwork in Russia

    Dr Zuzanna Bogumił is doing a fieldwork in Russia (Ekaterinburg, Butovo and Moscow) between 29 of April and 18 of May 2014. 


  • Conference in Lublin

    Dr Zuzanna Bogumił is presenting a paper entitled Muzea historyczne w kryptach kościelnych – sakralizacja historii czy uhistorycznienie sacrum? during the conference Muzea w kulturze współczesnej – wyzwania, możliwości zagrożenia, which will take place 22 and 23 of May 2014 in Lublin (Poland).

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The aim of "The Milieux de Mémoire in Central and Eastern Europe - the Polish case" project is to analyze the religious aspect of memory, whose current animation constitutes the answer to the twentieth century experience of catastrophes (Second World War, Soviet repressions and communist regimes). The basic research hypothesis, which should undergo verification during the project, assumes that the peculiar historical situation of Central and Eastern Europe, especially in the 19th and the 20th centuries, caused the survival of milieux de mémoire in that region. The project attempts also to verify whether the Second World War as well as the Soviet repression and communist regime are perceived in Eastern Europe as catastrophes similar to the suffering experienced by the first Christians. Whether they are, therefore, filling the milieux de mémoire with significant content, which is currently being expressed in the construction of memorial projects. 

The research assumes the operationalization of the introduced by Pierre Nora concept of milieux de mémoire, for its use in studies of social reality in Central and Eastern Europe, and then an empirical verification of this thesis during the field research in Kałków, Jedwabne, Michniów, the municipal area of Warsaw and its outskirts. The selection of case study sites is conditioned by a significant conceptual justification:

  • The Polish Golgotha


    The Sanctuary of the Sorrowful Mother of God offers a complete and systematic interpretation of the relationship between the Polish nation and the history of Christianity, and its best example is the Golgotha of Poland. In contrast to typical Golgothas describing the death and the passion of Christ, the Golgotha in Kałków represents the 20th century passion of Polish nation.

  • Monument to Those Murdered in the East


    The rout of Jewish neighbours that Poles committed in 1941 contributed to the ambivalence of Jedwabne in Polish collective memory. The monument commemorating this event (1991) clearly expresses that feeling. However, it is not the only Second World War memorial place in this small town. In the park which occupies the main square there is a monument devoted to those who died in the East and in the main nave of the church there are paintings of the blessed ones, from łomżyński region, who sacrificed their lives in the defence of Poles and Jews during the war.

  • Pietà of Michniów


    The Mausoleum of Polish Countryside Martyrdom is the branch of Kielce Countryside Museum and is currently being transformed into the multimedia mausoleum. The official site of the project reads: “the mausoleum is (...) a symbolic cemetery on which every martyred Polish village places its cross.”

  • The Jerzy Popiełuszko Museum

    Sacrum and the history in municipal space

    After the demise of communism the Warsaw landscape was significantly enriched by new monuments commemorating the victims of the 20th century. For example the monument of those murdered in the East, the monument of the Victims of the Communist Terror, many statues of priest Jerzy Popiełuszko, and other Second World War martyrs. Most of these monuments use the religious symbolism and therefore have an impact on the perception of the past events they commemorate.

  • Oleśnica. Monument to Those Murdered in the East

    Sacrum and the history in countryside and provincial space

    Similarly to the research in the capital city, the main focus will be on the sacred character of transitions that took place in countryside and province.